Read on to find out more about hash oil and other marijuana concentrates, including uses, benefits, and risk.
The potential benefits of hash oil are similar to those associated with marijuana. Hash oil may trigger a sense of euphoria and help to treat nausea, pain, and inflammation.
Since hash oil is more potent than other forms of marijuana, its effects tend to be stronger as well. As a result, it may provide greater symptom relief for people who use marijuana to treat medical conditions, such as chronic pain or cancer.
More research is needed to understand the unique benefits of hash oil and related products.
The side effects of hash oil are similar to those associated with marijuana. However, since hash oil is more potent than marijuana plant products, the side effects may be more severe.
More research is needed to understand both the short- and long-term side effects of hash oil use.
There are a variety of ways people use hash oil.
Dabbing refers to the use of a special pipe to heat and vaporize hash oil. Sometimes called an “oil rig” or a “rig,” this apparatus consists of a water pipe with a hollow “nail” that fits into the pipe’s gauge. Alternatively, some people use a small metal plate called a “swing.”
The nail or swing is typically heated with a small blowtorch before a small amount of hash oil is applied to its surface with a dabber. With the heat, the hash oil vaporizes and is inhaled through the pipe, and it’s usually inhaled in a single breath.
This method is more dangerous than other methods because of the blowtorch, which poses a risk of burns.
Hash oil can also be smoked, vaporized, ingested, or applied to the skin.
Hash oil, and especially illegal hash oil, poses unique risks. Some of these include:
Safety. There are few studies available documenting the risks of hash oil. As a result, we don’t know for sure whether it’s actually safe to use, and if so, how often and at what dose.
Potency. Hash oil is four to five times more potent than regular marijuana. As a result, it may be more likely to cause a strong high and undesirable side effects, especially among first-time users.
Tolerance. Since hash oil contains so much THC, it could increase your tolerance to regular marijuana.
Burn risk. Dabbing involves the use of a small blowtorch. Using a blowtorch, especially when you are high, could result in burns.
Chemical impurities. Illegal hash oil is unregulated, and may contain dangerous levels of butane or other chemicals.
Lung injuries. A 2019 case studyTrusted Source suggested a potential link between the use of a dabbing apparatus and lung symptoms similar to those of pneumonia.
Cancer risk. A 2017 study reported that the vapors produced by dabbing contain carcinogenic substances.
The form hash oil takes usually depends on the manufacturing process used, along with other factors, such as heat, pressure, and humidity.
Marijuana concentrates are extracted in different ways, including the use of:
carbon dioxide (CO2)
non-solvent methods involving drying and manual separation of plant material.